Какую форму общения вы бы использовали, чтобы сообщить старым друзьям важные новости?
In the same situation of Kath, I think I would have used whatsapp but I think that long email and letter as well it's a perfect way to make someone feel special. Nowadays with istant message we lost that kind of "magic". However I usually prefer texting people. After that, if they ask more details I ask them if I can call them and talk on the phone. But it depends how much "friends" they are, if they are close friend sure I call them, otherwise I think a simple text is enough.
a perfect way идеальный способ
istant message важное сообщение
close friend близкие друзья
At the beginning of this century medical scientists made a surprising discovery: that we are built not just of flesh and blood but also of time.
a surprising discovery удивительное открытие
flesh and blood плоти и крови
They were able to demonstrate that we all have an internal «body clock» which regulates the rise and fall of our body energies, making us different from one day to the next.
to demonstrate демонстрировать
an internal внутренние
The idea of an internal «body clock» should not be surprising, since the lives of most living things ate dominated by the 24-hour night-and-day cycle.
the idea идея
an internal «body clock» внутренних часов
night-and-day cycle ночным и дневным циклом
The most obvious feature of this cycleobvious feature of this cycle is the way we feel tired and fall asleep at night and become awake during the day. If the 24-hour rhytm is interrupted, most people experience unpleasant side effects. As well as the daily rhytm of sleeping and waking we also have other rhythms which last longer that one day and which influence wide areas of our lives.
obvious feature of this cycle очевидная особенность этого цикла
tired and fall устаем и спим
asleep не спим
experience unpleasant испытывать неприятные ощущения
as well as так же, как
areas of our lives области нашей жизни
Most of us would agree that we feel good on some days and not so good on others.
Scientists have identified the following three biorhythmic cycles: physical, emotioilal and intellectual.
the following следующих
Each cycle lasts approximately 28 days and each is divided into a high energy period and a low energy period of equal length.
divided into делится на
period of equal length упадка энергии.
During the low energy period we are less resistant to illness and tire more easily. The low period puts energy into our «batteries» for the next high period.
resistant to illness меньше сопротивляемся болезням
tire more easily быстрее утомляемся
During the high energy period of a physical biorhythm we are more resistant to illness, better coordinated and more energetic.
The «critical» or weakest time is the time of changeover from the high energy period to the low energy period, or vice versa. This «critical» time usually lasts a day. On the crytical day of a physical biorhythm, there is a greater chance of accident and illness.
weakest time самое слабое время
the time of changeover время перехода
vice versa наоборот
a greater chance of accident велик шанс несчастного случая
Human experience is always individual and we each have our own biorhythmic experiences. Some people experience such enormous physical turbulence on their «physically critical» days that they have to go to bed.
enormous physical turbulence огромная физический дискомфорт
Travelling is a very nice activity. You can travel in your own country or abroad, you will anyway get lots of impression. It’s not only a lot of fun, but it’s also quite useful for a person. As for me I prefer traveling abroad, because I like seeing people from other countries and learning about their culture.
anyway в любом случае
lots of impression массу впечатлений
I think people travel abroad for many reasons. First of all, traveling is a great opportunity to broaden your mind. When you travel you visit plenty of attractions, if you take an excursion you learn the history of the places and interesting facts. Travelling gives you good emotions, as you can see very beautiful places: buildings, parks, lakes and beaches. When you travel you meet a lot of different people, who you can talk to and understand their way of thinking and the way they see the world. You learn about the culture, customs and traditions of other nationalities. You can also practice your English with those people.
to broaden your mind расширить свой кругозор
plenty of attractions большое количество достопримечательностей
an excursion экскурсию
way of thinking образ мышления
the way they see the world твое видение мира
My last trip abroad was last summer, when my family and I went to the Netherlands. It was so wonderful! The weather was great, very sunny and warm. I liked the local people, they are very friendly, smiling and always ready to help you. We visited the Northern sea, visited lots of local attractions and museums. We went to Van Gogh museum in Amsterdam, Madurodam museum in the Hague, where you can see all the Netherlands attractions in little size. Unfortunately, our trip wasn’t so long, just 5 days, but I hope to come back there and see other nice places of this great country.
my last моя последняя
the local people местные жители
Что значит быть инновационным в бизнесе?
In order for a business to survive in today's world, it is important that we regularly review what we are doing and how we are doing it. By considering new ideas and new ways of doing things, and trying to innovate, we can improve on our products/services, increase sales, reduce costs and make our processes more effective and efficient. Innovation is key to increasing profits.
to survive выживать
by considering с учётом
to innovate вводить новшества
increase sales увеличение продаж
reduce costs сокращать расходы
effective and efficient еффективным и действенным
to increasing profits для увеличения прибыли
There are several ways a company can be innovative with their products and services. Today we will look at four of them.
1. Using the latest technology to improve your product/service
When we think of innovation, we often think of new technologies. While they might be impressive, we should not use new technologies just because they are available. It is important to consider how the technology can improve our product/service and make a difference to our customer. Companies that produce cars, toiletries, household appliances, etc. often have a large R&D department to work on making their products better.
While в то время
might be impressive может быть впечатляющим
household appliances бытовое оборудование
2. Responding to customer demands by changing what is on offer
By listening to customer feedback, we can get their opinions on how we are doing and find out about what it is that they want. We also need to be aware of changes in customer demands and keep up with the times. When fast-food restaurant McDonald's realised that the market wanted healthier choices, they introduced fruit and salads, while removing the 'super-size' option from their menus.
demands by changing требования путем изменения
find out узнавать
aware of changes вкурсе изменений
keep up поддерживать
healthier choices более здоровый выбор
3. Offering a new product/service to reach new customers
Your business might be doing well, but there is no growth or development and there is a risk that your competitors might take away some of your customers. Innovation sometimes means developing a new product that targets a different market. Although video games were often played by boys, in 2006, video games giant Nintendo introduced the game console Nintendo Wii, successfully targeting girls and older customers with games like Cooking Mama and Brain Training.
to reach привлечь
no growth or development нет роста или развития
means developing означает развитие
4. Changing the way you provide a service
By looking at the changes to the customer's lifestyle and needs, we sometimes realise that there might be better ways to serve them. Customers who do not have a lot of time might prefer to have their food or their shopping delivered to their homes, or they might like to do their banking online rather than in an actual bank.
Changing the way you provide a service предоставление способа изменения услуг
banking online банковское дело онлайн
Not all innovation will bring success to our businesses, but it can give us the opportunity to grow and learn more about what we do and what our customers might want.
Manchester is a nothern English city that is considered to be one of the most essential ones in the country. It is located near to Liverpool and the population of the city is somewhat more than 400.000. The city is very old – it was built by the Roman in 80 AD as a fort. However, after the Roman army left Britain, the fort was ruined.
a fort крепость
the fort was ruined форт был разрушен.
Only in the 7th century the Saxons created a village in that place. At that time the most part of the area was covered with forest and was thinly populated. The situation changed only 5 centures later. Trade and commerce developed steadily and caused the growth of population.
the area зона
thinly populated мало заселена
Trade and commerce торговля и коммерция
growth of population рост населения
With the course of time Manchester was becoming larger and larger. It was granted different privileges: the right to hold (1222), charter (a document granting the townspeople certain rights). The city was famous mainly for manufacturing wool, cotton, linen and silk.
the course of time течением времени
to hold an annual fair ежегодное проведение ярмарки
charter грамота, привилегия
the townspeople жители города
certain rights определенные права
mainly for manufacturing wool благодаря выработке шерсти
cotton, linen and silk хлопка, льна и шелка
Nowadays Manchester is an important city, in which the manufacturing industry has been replaced by service industries such as education and finance. Tourism has also become a leading sphere and the city attracts many people every year. In addition, one of the best universities (Manchester University) is situated there.
the manufacturing industry индустрия производства
a leading sphere передовой сферой
Подлежащее + Сказуемое + Дополнение + Обстоятельство
We do our work with pleasure.
Мы делаем нашу работу с удовольствием.
We – подлежащее
do – сказуемое
our work – дополнение
with pleasure – обстоятельство
Обстоятельства места и времени могут стоять также и перед подлежащим:
At the moment I cannot talk.
В настоящий момент я не могу говорить.
burglary незаконное проникновение в помещение (с преступными целями); квартирная кража со взломом
burglar вор-домушник, взломщик
pickpocketing карманная кражи
robbery грабеж, разбой, ограбление (с применением насилия)
robber грабитель, вор
the least последнее
gambling азартные игры
drug addiction наркомания
acute актуальных проблем
rural life сельская жизнь
the harmony with nature гармонии с природой.
Just imagine, how awesome is to wake up with birds singing and the first rays of sunlight and go fishing. You can walk barefoot or sleep in a hammock . Village people keep the livestock and do gardening. Undoubtedly, all homemade products like, sour cream or cottage cheese, do taste better. Moreover, people who live in the country are more open, friendly and warm-hearted. They are one big family. The last but not the least, living in a country is good for health. People eat fresh fruit, vegetables, dairy products and meat. The air is fresh and less polluted. The roads are less dangerous and you can safely ride a bike.
just imagine только представьте
rays of sunlight с первыми лучами солнца
the livestock домашний скот
undoubtedly вне всяких сомнений
homemade products домашние продукты
like такие как
cottage cheese творог
the roads дорогах
dairy products молочные продукты
safely ride a bike безопасно передвигаться на велосипеде
However, there are also some disadvantages of living in the village. First of all, it is a commuting problem. There is a lack of public transport in the country and that can be a great problem for people who need emergency assistance. Besides, if you want to make a career or get a higher education, you'll have to commute between your home in the country and your office in the city.
a commuting problem проблема с транспортом
a lack of public transport нехватки общественного транспорта
emergency assistance неотложная помощь
commuting ежедневные поездки на работу (из пригорода в город и обратно)
to commute ездить на работу в город (о жителе пригорода)
home in the country пригород, дом в деревне
Taking into consideration all mentioned above, I think that people should choose where to live, in or out of town, according to their preferences, lifestyle and vocation.
taking into consideration принимая во внимание
mentioned above вышесказанное
lifestyle образа жизни
Жизнь в городе и в деревне: преимущества и недостатки
Some people prefer hustle and bustle of big cities, while others prefer peaceful lifestyle of rural areas. Tastes differ. There is no definite answer which lifestyle is better. In my opinion, everything depends on personality. Let us examine more thoroughly some advantages and disadvantages of both rural and urban life.
hustle and bustle of a big city суета большого города
peaceful lifestyle of rural areasз мирный стиль сельской местности.
tastes differ вкусы отличаются ( о вкусах не спорят)
everything все что угодно
examine more thoroughly рассмотрим более подробно
rural and urban life сельской и городской жизни
Living in a city can be very convenient. There are a lot of opportunities of education, career and social life. If you live in a big city, you have many education options to choose from. You can graduate from the most renowned and reputed universities or educational institutions, find a well-paid job and have more opportunities for personal development. Besides, the social life is so diverse. There are lots of theatres, museums, cinemas, exhibitions and art galleries. Urban life will definitely suit an individual who prefers to lead an active lifestyle and who think that there are too few hours in a day.
options to choose from соответствующее вашим требованиям
reputed имеющий хорошую репутацию; известный
find a well-paid job найти высокооплачиваемую работу
opportunities for personal development возможностей для личностного роста
besides кроме того
definitely suit определенный костюм
to lead вести
there are too few hours in a day в сутках не хватает 24-х часов
However, there are lots of disadvantages of urban life. One of the most burning problems a city dweller faces every day is heavy traffic. People who stuck in traffic jams have to delay their plans or even miss important meetings. People are always in a hurry and pressed for time. Besides, big cities are overcrowded and its population is growing with every passing day. Another problem of big cities is air and water pollution caused by industrial plants, domestic heating and traffic. It is generally agreed that air pollution as well as smog have harmful impacts on health. Thus, in recent years people are getting more and more concerned about ecological problems. I am sure all people must unite efforts to save our Planet. Moreover, urban poverty can be the reason of many crimes, such as burglary, pickpocketing and robbery . The last but not the least, gambling, drug addiction, unemployment are just few biggest problems that have become acute in almost all big cities.
There are a lot of advantages of rural life. The rural areas are not as crowded as urban ones. People live in the harmony with nature.
burning problems актуальных проблем
dweller faces городской житель
jams заторы, пробки
to delay откладывать
a hurry спешат
to be pressed for time совершенно не иметь времени; время поджимает
besides кроме того
passing day уходящий день
caused by вызванный
industrial plants промышленные предприятия
domestic heating домашнее отопление
heavy traffic интенсивное дорожное движение
harmful impacts on health вредное воздействие на здоровье
thus таким образом
unite efforts объединят усилия
moreover кроме того
Я редко пью кофе.
I seldom drink coffee.
Я часто читаю книги.
I often read books.
Мы никогда не играем в теннис.
We never play tennis.
Они всегда приходят вовремя.
They always come on time.
Вы обычно смотрите телевизор по вечерам.
You usually watch TV in the evening.
Люди обычно ошибаются.
The people usually ___ mistakes.
Christmas is a special time. It’s time for miracles and for dreams to come true . There is a wise saying that during the Christmas night all angels come down from heaven to earth , but nobody sees them as everyone hurries home. At night when people sleep these little cute creatures enter the houses and leave some gifts under the Christmas tree. Sometimes they simple leave a little bit of kindness, a bag of happiness, a handful of health, a jug of joy and a piece of luck. Such presents can’t be left under the tree, they are simply scattered around the apartment. They always know exactly what each house or apartment needs. Angels are so tiny and transparent that nobody sees them.
for dreams to come true осуществления желаний
a wise мудрое поверье
to earth землю
bit of kindness немного доброты
a handful of health крепкого здоровья
a jug of joy кружку удовольствия
Last Christmas something strange happened to me. It was a usual high day. The sun was shining brightly and it was snowing outside. While my mum was cooking dinner, I decided to play snowballs and to go sledding with my friends. The day was simply great. We had lots of fun. My dad was mending something in the attic, so everybody was busy with something. After dinner we decided to open all the presents left by Father Frost under our beautiful Christmas tree. My mum got a pair of warm knitted gloves and a fashionable handbag. That was exactly what she wanted. My dad got a new camera and a set of new tools. You could tell he was rather happy with his present.
a usual high day обычный богатый день
the attic чердаке
Father Frost Дедом Морозом
a pair of warm knitted gloves пара теплых вязаных перчаток
a fashionable handbag модная сумочка
When I opened my present I saw a new board game there. Of course, I like board games and I often play them with my friends, but that’s not what I really wanted for Christmas. I was a bit disappointed. Most of all I wanted a new pair of football boots. I didn’t complain about the present, instead I told my parents that I liked it a lot.
board game настольную игру
a bit disappointed немного расстроен
instead вместо этого
Next morning, when I woke up, I saw a strange box under my bed. When I opened it, I was surprised to see a pair of new boots. I hurried to see my parents and to thank them for the lovely present, but they said they didn’t buy it for me. We still don’t know how this present appeared in my room. Perhaps, it’s the little angels’ work. Since then I believe that miracles do happen to all of us. We just need to learn to notice them.
woke up проснулся
a strange странную
lovely present прекрасный подарок
since с тех пор
to learn научится
to notice замечать
«ДОВОЛЬНО РЕДКО» в английском языке ставят в конце предложения.
We go to work very often.
Мы очень часто ходим на работу.
We go to work quite often.
Мы ходим на работу довольно часто.
Как обнаруживают поддельные новости
Every time you're online, you are bombarded by pictures, articles, links and videos trying to tell their story. Unfortunately, not all of these stories are true. Sometimes they want you to click on another story or advertisement at their own site, other times they want to upset people for political reasons . These days it's so easy to share information. These stories circulate quickly, and the result is … fake news.
unfortunately к сожалению
to upset огорчать
There is a range of fake news: from crazy stories which people easily recognise to more subtle types of misinformation. Experts in media studies and online psychology have been examining the fake news phenomenon. Read these tips , and don't get fooled!
a range ассортимент
subtle тонкий, неуловимый
types of misinformation
1. Check the source
Look at the website where the story comes from. Does it look real? Is the text well written? Are there a variety of other stories or is it just one story? Fake news websites often use addresses that sound like real newspapers , but don't have many real stories about other topics. If you aren't sure, click on the 'About' page and look for a clear description of the organisation .
sound like real newspapers
description of the organisation описания характеристики структуры
2. Watch out for fake photos
Many fake news stories use images that are Photoshopped or taken from an unrelated site. Sometimes, if you just look closely at an image, you can see if it has been changed. Or use a tool like Google Reverse Image search. It will show you if the same image has been used in other contexts.
unrelated site неродственных сайтов
a tool like инструмент аналогичный
3. Check the story is in other places
Look to see if the story you are reading is on other news sites that you know and trust . If you do find it on many other sites, then it probably isn't fake (although there are some exceptions), as many big news organisations try to check their sources before they publish a story.
4. Look for other signs
There are other techniques that fake news uses. These include using ALL CAPS and lots of ads that pop up when you click on a link. Also, think about how the story makes you feel. If the news story makes you angry, it's probably designed to make you angry.
lots of ads много рекламы
pop up неожиданно появляется
If you know these things about online news, and can apply them in your everyday life, then you have the control over what to read, what to believe and most importantly what to share. If you find a news story that you know is fake, the most important advice is: don't share it!
Владелец канала не предоставил расширенную статистику, но Вы можете сделать ему запрос на ее получение.
Также Вы можете воспользоваться расширенным поиском и отфильтровать результаты по каналам, которые предоставили расширенную статистику.